Horned Dorsets originated in England and Wales and have been an identifiable breed since the 16th century. General Characteristics. The mature Dorset horn ram weighs at 115 kg(250 lb) and ewe weighs 80 kg(180lb). A blaze must not continue in front of the horn … The Australians prefer polled sheep for ease of management and using Ryelands were able to develop a polled variety of the Dorset Horn, the Poll Dorset. Advantages. Dorsets Sheep is commonly found in the Australia that is basically known due to its horn. : 800. Type Locally developed composite dual purpose meat and white wool breed. The Dorset is an ancient breed likely developed from white faced, horned, short wooled sheep that thrived in the sheltered valleys and lush hill pastures of southwestern England. The mature Dorset horn ram weighs at 115 kg (250 lb) and ewe weighs 80 kg (180lb). In.The breed is extremely adaptable with a high ability to flourish, grow, produce and reproduce in irregular and low rainfall environments. It is native to the province of Gotland and is a sheep from open pasture. The Dorset Horn sheep produces a fine quality of wool per year. The breed was widely exported to Australasia, North American and South Africa and in Australia the breed became hugely important. And the fleece averages between 2.23 and 4 kg when shorn. The Dorper is a cross of the Dorset Horn and a Blackhead Persian. Dorset sheep produce between five and nine pounds of medium grade wool per year. Ewes can produce lambs at up to 10-12 years old. These were imported into the UK and soon became more popular than the original Dorset Horns. The Dorset Horn is best suited to warm, dry conditions. The Dorper is now being bred throughout the Middle East, the … The ram choice for the breed development was a Dorset Horned sheep. The poll gene was introduced into Dorset Horn flocks from two other polled breeds and following a strict back-mating programme achieved close to 100% of Dorset Horn blood. Ram’s horns are heavy and spiral, ewes horns are light and curved. In 1891 the Dorset Horn Sheep Breeders Association was organized. Using a terminal sire on Dorset Horn ewes will produce a fast growing butcher’s lamb at any time of the year. Lambing percentage is 150 percent. Imported into Canada during the 19th century they were, for many years, one of the cornerstones of the sheep industry. Suffolks are prolific, early maturing sheep with excellent mutton carcasses.They are energetic, and the whole carriage is alert, showing stamina and quality. Ewes weigh around 75-85kg and rams, 120kg. Rams: Bold, masculine appearance with strong bone and robust character. They have a soft white covering on both ears and face. Securing the future of our rare and native breeds of livestock, RBST is excited to announce that it has just welcomed the rare Albion cattle onto the Watchlist, as a recognised UK native rare breed, Rare Breeds Survival Trust is a company limited by guarantee registered in England under number 1204694 and registered as a Charity number 269442, Registered office Rare Breeds Survival Trust, Stoneleigh Park, Kenilworth, Warwickshire, CV82LG, 2 Red Poll In-Calf Breeding Cows with Calves at Foot - Staffs, Rarely available beautiful Kerry cows - West Sussex, Rare Breed Briefing -Using pigs in conservstion grazing, Rare Breed Briefing -Why you should be using native ponies for conservation grazing, UK Working Class Horse Heroes Facing Extinction, Rare Albion cattle recognised on the RBST Watchlist. Heavy horns are undesirable but permissible. The Poll Dorset is a short wool, meat producing sheep that was developed in Australia between 1937 and 1954 with the aim of breeding a true Dorset type sheep without horns. If this is your aim look no further than the Dorset Horn and Poll Dorset Sheep. White wool free of kemp and coloured fibre makes cross breeding with other white wool breeds acceptable. The Hudson’s Bay Trading Company brought them to Oregon prior to 1860 and the first to reach our East Coast arrived in 1885. Go to Dorset Horn and Poll Dorset Sheep Breeders' Association => Go to Polled Dorset Association, Inc. => Dorset Down The Dorset Down originated in England around 1800 by mating Southdown rams with the large Hampshire Down, Berkshire and Wiltshire ewes. certainly extinct by 1837 .~9 The Dorset Horn breed, because it has characteristics which have been useful to the sheep farmer over the years, remains today. Dorset Horn Top. The Dorset Horn originated from crossing Spanish sheep with native English stock during the C16th. Dorsets are easy keepers and graze happily on what is available. Polled Dorsets have no horns, but have retained many of the other popular Dorset characteristics, and it was these sheep that started to become much more popular than the Dorset Horn. Their fleece is free from dark fibers. Fleece weight- 2.25- 3kg. A developed horn base or small horns are the ideal. By 1892 the breed was firmly established and the first Flock Book was published. It is mainly a meat sheep, bit its wool can be used for hosiery or felt. An abnormally high mortality rate occurred under mature Dorset Horn sheep as a consequence of low resistance to infection with the lung parasite muellerius cappilaris. Their fleece is very white in color, strong, close and free from dark fiber and extends down the legs. The Dorper sheep is a South African mutton breed developed in the 1930’s from the Dorset Horn and Blackheaded Persian. [6] A different polled variant of the breed arose in the United States, derived from a polled sport in a flock kept by North Carolina State University. The Dorset Horn is an endangered British breed of domestic sheep.It is documented from the seventeenth century, and is highly prolific, sometimes producing two lambing seasons per year.Among British sheep, it is the only breed capable of breeding throughout the winter. The British Dorset Horn Sheep Breeders Association was founded in 1891 but Horned Dorsets came to America long before that. Named after the county of Dorset in the mid south-west of England, the Dorset Horn is ranked one of the oldest and purest breeds in the British Isles. The Dorset horned sheep or Horned Dorset breed of sheep is known mostly for its prolific lambing. Lambs from these crossbred ewes, mated with Dorset Horn rams, showed a greater average daily gain than any of the other cross bred lambs. The Dorper sheep is a South African mutton breed developed in the 1930’s from the Dorset Horn and Blackheaded Persian. Horned Dorsets originated in England and Wales and have been an identifiable breed since the 16th century. The Dorset Horn sheep is one of the earliest recorded breeds of British Sheep with the first Flock Book being established in 1892, and its adaptability was soon recognised world wide. The purebred Dorset Horn lamb can be killed from 10 weeks to give a 16-20+kg carcass. The sheep are avid grazers and use feed well. Heavy horns are undesirable but permissible. But Dorset Horn, with it’s somewhat longer staple, is a … A calm and sturdy breed, which can be easily trained to follow the bucket. They are mostly grass fed and we choose to raise them in the most natural way possible. Like the extinct Pink-nosed Somerset to which it is related, it probably derived from cross-breeding of Merinos imported from Spain with local tan-faced sheep similar to the modern Portland. The Canadian Horned Dorset type owes more to the older style British animal. Though Dorset Horn sheep are not one of the six classic Down breeds, they are often classed as “Down-like,” and the wool certainly shares characteristics of lock- and crimp-structure with those breeds, as well as their reluctance to felt. The Dorset horn is a large breed, which is pretty hardy and active. Ewes can produce lambs at up to 10-12 years old. horns. The head must be covered with short, dullish black hair in the black headed Dorper and dull, white hair in the White Dorper. A medium-sized dark-faced sheep is Dorset Down. Lambing percentages vary between 140-200% but are dependent on management. It is documented from the seventeenth century, and is highly prolific, sometimes producing two lambing seasons per year. But Dorset Horn, with it’s somewhat longer staple, is a distinct pleasure. The breed has been exported and small flocks can be found in other countries, including Norway, Denmark, the UK and USA. It has been known to produce two lambing seasons per year: bred in May for lambs finished by the holidays, and bred again immediately after the first lambing to produce again in March or April. Polled Dorsets have no horns, but have retained many of the other popular Dorset characteristics, and it was these sheep that started to become much more popular than the Dorset Horn. It is native to the province of Gotland and is a sheep from open pasture. Though Dorset Horn sheep are not one of the six classic Down breeds, they are often classed as “Down-like,” and the wool certainly shares characteristics of lock- and crimp-structure with those breeds, as well as their reluctance to felt. A medium-sized dark-faced sheep is Dorset Down. Dorset Down Sheep are justly known as “king of the prime lamb breed”. Ewes mated to Dorset Horn rams had higher average daily gains than those mated with the other breeds. Breed Characteristics The Poll Dorset ‘s primary role has been that of producing superior prime lambs. Staple length- 8-10cm. Many historians think that it was developed through crossbreeding Spanish merino with native, horn-bedecked Welsh sheep.” Page 62. Our flock of production Dorset sheep is the most important part of our farm. From about 1950, this was introduced to the United Kingdom, where it rapidly supplanted the horned variant;[4]:800 the breed association changed its name in 1981 to the Dorset Horn and Poll Dorset Sheep Breeder's Association, and registers both breeds. The breed is now predominantly medium grey colour and is commonly known as the Swedish Pelt Sheep. 2014/016. The breed can be bucket trained and is a generally placid breed of sheep. Dorset sheep are also known for their ability to breed out of season. The Dorset Horn originated in Dorset in south-west England. The breed was developed for the arid extensive regions of South Africa. [9], A polled variant of the breed, the Poll Dorset, was bred in Australia through cross-breeding with the hornless Corriedale and Ryeland breeds. Wool Production? [7], The Dorset Horn was exported to many countries, among them Australia, South Africa and the United States, where the first arrivals were in the 1860s, and where substantial numbers were imported from about 1880. A stocky white faced sheep with a thick creamy fleece. The DORSET HORN is a medium/large English sheep uniquely capable of producing lambs at any time of the year. It is a large breed of sheep that originates from Wiltshire in the South of England and is mainly bred for its outstanding meat quality. The Dorset Horned sheep is a non-seasonal breeder, meaning they don’t just … Grootfontein Agricultural Development Institute. Dorsets were brought to the United States from England in 1860 by Richard Scott. The breed has many Downs-type characteristics, its purity of color suggests long wool breeds. [4]:800 A breeders' society, the Dorset Horn Sheep Breeders' Association, was set up in 1891[6] and the first flock book was published in the following year. The Dorset Horn is a big sheep, hardy and very active. The Dorset Horn sheep is one of the earliest recorded breeds of British Sheep with the first Flock Book being established in 1892, and its adaptability was soon recognised world wide. The purebred Dorset Down lamb can reach an 18kg carcass weight within 12 weeks. Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. A blaze must not continue in front of the horn base on the head in the black headed Dorper. It is one of the oldest sheep breeds. The Dorset breed is also highly fertile and adaptable to hot conditions. Dorsets are one of the few breeds that carry the "out-of-season" breeding characteristic. They were something like the later Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. They have distinctive pink nose. Dorset Horn Sheep Characteristics The Dorset Horn sheep are large sized animals. The breed’s prolificacy and capacity for lambing all year around makes it easier to breed flock replacements and build a closed flock using the Dorset Horn– this minimises the risk of bringing in any disease from bought in sheep. The Dorper is now being bred throughout the … READ: Persian sheep: Putting fat back onto Dorpers. The Dorset’s characteristics, the horns and the breeding rate, were bequeathed to it by a dominant ancestor – the now extremely rare Portland Sheep, found originally on and near Portland Island, very close to Dorchester. The breed is very docile and easily bucket trained. They are mostly grass fed and we choose to raise them in the most natural way possible. Horned Dorset Sheep Breeders Listing & info. At the dawn of the 20th Century, 2.6 million heavy horses were working in the UK. In the Horn variety, both ewes and rams carry horns. Though Dorset Horn sheep are not one of the six classic Down breeds, they are often classed as “Down-like,” and the wool certainly shares characteristics of lock- and crimp-structure with those breeds, as well as their reluctance to felt. It is very popular with hand spinners. The Dorset Horn is an endangered British breed of domestic sheep. Lambs are medium sized and there are few lambing problems. Average live body weight of the mature Polled Dorset rams is between 102 and 125 kg. We have approximately 300 ewes. Lambs are medium sized and there are few lambing problems. The fleece is thick, with a weight of 2.25 to 3 kg, a staple length of 80–100 mmm, and a Bradford count of 54s–58s.[3]. An abnormally high mortality rate occurred under mature Dorset Horn sheep as a consequence of low resistance to infection with the lung parasite muellerius cappilaris. It The breeding programme resulted in the Black headed and the White Dorper. Among British sheep, it is the only breed capable of breeding throughout the winter. Quality- 54s-58s. The sheep are given as much pasture time as the seasons allow us. Andrea Parry-Jones discusses the importance of native pigs in conservation grazing and land management. Additionally, the meat is succulent and tender. [2], The Dorset Horn has contributed to the development of several other breeds: the Dorper and Dormer breeds of South Africa, through cross-breeding with the Blackhead Persian and Merinos respectively; and the British Milksheep and Cadzow Improver in the United Kingdom. Contact Us

Threatened It is mainly The Polled Dorset and Dorset Horn have diverged somewhat over the past 40 years. The head must be covered with short, dullish black hair in the black headed Dorper and dull, white hair in the White Dorper. Head of great beauty with strong horns growing from the head, well apart on the crown in a straight line with each other and coming downwards or forwards in graceful curves or curls close to the face, but allowing at maturity, unimpaired vision. The Dorset Horn. The Dorper is a cross of the Dorset Horn and a Blackhead Persian. It has an economically produced carcass. With regard to the Horn Ewe the horns much smaller and more delicate that in the Ram. Dorset Down Sheep breed information. The Devon and Cornwall Longwool is a hardy breed able to cope with most conditions and do well on most grazing. Appearance bright with feminine characteristics. If you prefer cross breeding, choose a ewe or ram that will pass many of the above characteristics on to its first cross females, hence improving your profit margins on your existing stock. The Dorset Down is a solid, medium sized, dark-faced, polled sheep. Description of a Dorset Horn Sheep . A finding in favour of the Dorset Horn and the SA Meat Merino was that, of the imported breeds, they were the only two to produce a satisfactory lambing percentage in autumn. But Dorset Horn, with it’s somewhat longer staple, is a distinct pleasure. Today, the Dorset is globally distributed and found in two varieties, Horned and Polled. The breed is now predominantly medium grey colour and is commonly known as the Swedish Pelt Sheep. The Dormer is a smooth bodied, white wool, polled sheep with good muscling. Its high growth rates, superior muscling and leanness make the Poll Dorset an ideal choice for today’s market requirements. [4]:800 The Dorset Horn reached Australia in 1895,[8] and New Zealand in 1897. The breed is very docile and easily bucket trained. They have also been used in dairying.
But now, less than 10,000 remain. Eyes widely spaced, strong nose and strong mouth with well fitted jaw. Both horned and polled Dorsets are all white sheep and medium sized. Dorsets Horned and Polled sheep, its horn is in the large and curl shape. Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) Tania, at TJ Frog, is a great go-to for your Dorset needs! The Dorset horned sheep or Horned Dorset breed of sheep is known mostly for its prolific lambing. Breed Facts Lambs are medium sized and there are few lambing problems. Find local native breed products near you! For more information visit the Dorset Horn Sheep Breeders Association. The breed is hardy enough to thrive in diverse conditions worldwide and does well on most types of pasture. Facts about Dorset Sheep "Scientific name for Dorset Sheep is Ovis aries". When he rode over the South West of England in 1724, reporting on countryside activities, Daniel Defoe said that there were 600,000 sheep pastured within 6 miles of Dorchester. They have stocky white colored face with a thick creamy fleece. [10] In the United Kingdom, where in the 1980s there were more than 100,000 breeding ewes,[4]:800 its status is listed by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust as "at risk", meaning that the total number is between 900 and 1500 head. Dorsets are white sheep with open faces and long bodies. In the Horned Dorset sheep, both the ram and ewes have horns also have a distinctive pink nose. The breed is hardy enough to thrive in diverse conditions worldwide and does well on most types of pasture. horns. Ewes are heavy milkers, easily able to raise their own lambs. The Canadian Horned Dorset type owes more to the older style British animal. The ram choice for the breed development was a Dorset Horned sheep. Ram’s horns are heavy and spiral, ewes horns are light and curved. By 1936, Dorset Horn rams had sired the best lambs, in terms of weight gain and carcass quality, from Merino ewes. Also, we do not use medication … Continue reading "Dorset Sheep" HEAD: Broad, full and open at the nostril, well covered with wool from brow to poll, face white with pink nose and lips free from pigmentation. The breed experiences few lambing problems and ewes are excellent mothers. Dorsets are easy keepers and graze happily on what is available. Yes, Quality: Medium grade wool with a spinning count of 46s to 58s: Wool is used to Produce: The Australians, noted for their shepherding skills, soon realised the potential of the sheep to improve their existing stock and imported the Dorset Horn. We have approximately 300 ewes. Dorset Down rams will work at any time of the year, and because of their exceptionally high pheromone count also make very good teasers. Dorset Horn and Poll Dorset Sheep Breeders' Association, Rare Breeds Conservation Society of New Zealand, List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dorset_Horn&oldid=976998351, Sheep breeds originating in the United Kingdom, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 September 2020, at 09:47. The breed probably developed from crossing the tan-faced sheep of Dorset with a Merino-type breed. Dorsets Sheep is commonly found in the Australia that is basically known due to its horn. One of the most fertile of sheep breeds that is hornless with good body length and a … The sheep are given as much pasture time as the seasons allow us. Dorset Horn At Risk on the Rare Breed Survival Trust Watchlist “The Dorset Horn came into existence hundreds of years ago, though its origins are a mystery. Ewes weigh 150200 pounds, and rams weigh 225275 pounds. The breed is fixed giving reliable reproduction of features and characteristics. In 1937 and 1938, more than 6 000 lamb carcasses were shipped to the Smithfield market in England as experimental consignments. Polled Dorsets were simply more easily kept and managed; they had the fertility and ability to breed out of season, without those pesky (but beautiful!) Dorset Horn . The mature Dorset Down ram can reach weight up to 110 kg(240 lb) and ewe weight is 70 kg(150lb). The marketability of the Dorset Horn’s fleece is an additional source of income for the producer and something to be expected from a sheep that was developed at a time when the shepherd needed to obtain both meat and fiber from his flock. But now, less than 10,000 remain. When put to a good terminal sire, the Dorset Horn ewe produces fast growing lambs that grade well and will be ready to be sent off from 12 weeks old. Polled Dorset sheep will provide a regular cash flow by producing lambs frequently – three times in two years if you wish. Lambs from these crossbred ewes, mated with Dorset Horn rams, showed a greater average daily gain than any of the other cross bred lambs. There are two different strains of Dorset sheep, the polled and horned. One of the oldest breeds of native sheep, Dorset Down Sheep have a prestigious history as well as a successful future in the British farming landscape. A finding in favour of the Dorset Horn and the SA Meat Merino was that, of the imported breeds, they were the only two to produce a satisfactory lambing percentage in autumn. The fleece is thick, with a weight of 2.25 to 3 kg, a staple length of 80–100 mmm, and a Bradford count of 54s–58s. It is one of the oldest sheep breeds. A developed horn base or small horns are the ideal. The sheep have a distinctive pink nose and both sexes are horned, rams with large, spiralled horns. It is documented from the seventeenth century, and is highly prolific, sometimes producing two lambing seasons per year. The most important characteristics required for the breed were probably the following: During the late 1950's hornless Dorset sheep, developed in Australia, were introduced to the UK and rapidly grew in popularity. The mature Dorset Down ram can reach weight up to 110 kg (240 lb) and ewe weight is 70 kg (150lb). The fleece has a good staple with is compact and firm to the touch. The Dorset Horned sheep is a non-seasonal breeder, meaning they don’t just breed in the fall. The breed is not desirable for wool production. A calm and sturdy breed, which can be easily trained to follow the bucket. Suffolk, breed of medium-wool, dark-faced, hornless sheep developed in England during the years 1800 to 1850 by mating Norfolk horned ewes with Southdown rams. Each group, which initially comprised 20 sheep and from which individuals were removed for slaughter at approximately 6-kg increments in live weight, was fed a pelleted ration ad libitum for 98 and 77 weeks for the Merino and Dorset Horn groups respectively. South African sheep breeds : Dormer sheep. Characteristics. This means that it can breed twice a year — though a more sustainable rate of lambing is three times every two years. The have a fine down type wool that is dense and firm to handle. Horned Dorset Sheep Breeders Listing & info. [4]:800, The Dorset Horn originated in Dorset in south-west England. Dorset ewes weigh from 150 to 200 pounds at maturity, some in show condition may very well exceed this weight, Dorset rams weigh from 225 to 275 pounds at maturity. The Wiltshire Horn sheep is rather a unique breed of sheep in that it does not need to be sheered as it naturally sheds its short wool and hair coat in the spring. The Dorset’s characteristics, the horns and the breeding rate, were bequeathed to it by a dominant ancestor – the now extremely rare Portland Sheep, found originally on and near Portland Island, very close to Dorchester. Adaptable ; Matures and fattens very quickly ; Good mothers ; Meat is of high quality ; Extended breeding season Info-pack ref. Dorset Horn rams are used as sires for prime lambs that can be marketed at an early age. Ewes horns are light, curving forward neatly; rams horns are heavy and spiral out as well as curving forward. Lambing percentages are generally around 150%. Andrea Parry-Jones explains why we should use our native ponies for conservation grazing. The breed’s prolificacy and capacity for lambing all year around makes it easier to breed flock replacements and build a closed flock using the Dorset Horn… Key Characteristics. The horns are the most distinguishing and attractive physical characteristics of the Dorset Horn.
2020 dorset horn sheep characteristics